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The Crowninshield family were among the Boston Brahmin society of Boston: the most affluent and established families of Boston. The ancestor of the family was Johann Casper Richter von Kronenshcheldt, who came down to Germany with his father, Johann Casper Richter from the south of Denmark and settled in a small town call Crownenscheldt, which was sometimes spelled with a K. Johann Casper Richter's son adopted the towns name as the families surname and headed for the New World and arrived in Salem, Massachusetts in 1680.

Crowninshield

Current region

  • Massachusetts
  • New York
  • Washington, DC,

Place of origin

  • Germany

Relations

  • Derby family
  • Boardman family
  • Bradlee family
  • Fairbanks family
  • Hodges family
  • Putnam family
  • Welch family
  • Williams family

Notable Members

  • Capt. George Crowninshield, Jr.
  • John Cronwinshield
  • Hon. Benjamin Williams Crowninshield
  • Brvt. Brig. Gen. Casper Crowninshield
  • Rr. Adm. Arent Schuyler Crowninshield
  • Brvt. Col. Benjamin W. Crowninshield
  • France "Frank" Welch Crowninshield

Johannes Kasper Richter von KronenscheldtEdit

Johannes was born on June 22, 1661 in Upper Leipzig, Germany and died on December 19, 1711 in Salem, Essex, Massachusetts. He married on 5 Dec 1694 in Salem, Essex County, Massachusetts, North Ameirca to Elizabeth Allen (1672 - 1711). After he immigrated to Salem, Essex County, Massachusetts, North America in 1680 he changed his first name from Johann to John; also and became a doctor and remained a doctor during the Salem Witch Trials. During the witch trials he had a patient who was a young girl by the name of Elizabeth Allen who John eneded up marring on December 5, 1694. After John died she remarried and went down to Florida never to be seen again, and leaving her children behind. John's parents were Johann Kasper Richter and Mari Hann. Johann was from Denmark and Mari Hann was from Saxony-Anhalt, Germany.
Crowninsshield Coat of Arms

Coat of Arms of Dr. Johannes Richter von Kronenscheldt.

John CrowninshieldEdit

Cbhouse

Capt. John Crowninshield House in Salem, Mass.

John (Boston, Suffolk, Massachusetts; 19 Jan 1696 - 25 May 1761; Salem, Essex, Massachusetts) was a son of Dr. Johannes Kasper Richter von Kronenscheldt. Being part of the shiping trade with the East Endies he traded with India a lot and he and his brothers started the first major pepper trade in America. He also braught over the first Elephant over to America from India and is perhaps responsible for starting the zoo's in America.

Elizabeth DerbyEdit

George Crowninshield, the founder of George Crowninshield & Sons, had married the siter Elias Hasket "King" Derby, because of the families fortune eventhough the two families were rivals. In order to get revenge on George, Elias married George's sister, Elizabeth. The two families together were the richest familis in all of Salem, Massachusetts.
Mrsderby

Elizabeth Crowninshield, Mrs. Elias Hasket Derby.

George CrowninshieldEdit

Capt. George Crowninshield was born on 6 Aug 1734 in Salem, Essex County, Massachusetts, North America to Capt. John Crowninshield (1696 - 1761) and Antstiss Williams (1700 - 1773) and died on 15 Jun 1815 in Salem, Essex County, Massachusetts, North America. He married on 27 Jul 1757 in Salem, Essex County, Massachusetts, North America to Mary Derby (1737 - 1813).

George Crowninshield, Jr. Edit

Images

George Crowninshield, Jr. (From the Peabody Essex Museum in Salem, Mass.)

Capt. George Crowninshield, Jr. was born in  on May 27, 1766 in Salem, Essex, Massachusetts, North America to Capt. George Crowninshield (1734 - 1815) and Mary Derby (1737 - 1813) and died on November 26, 1817 on board Cleopatras Barge while it was docted at a harbour in Massachusetts. Goerge went to Retire Becket, a ship builder, and asked him to build a ship (Cleop Patra's Barge) for him which would become America's first yacht. It was designed to save an emperor and the theory is that he built it to rescue Emperor Nepolian Bonaparte. Though he faild at this attempt, Napolene, Napolian's siter, gave him her neckless which was made of torqoise boxes and each had a mozaich on them. She also gave Crowninshield her earings which of the same sort of jewlery. These jewls were handed down from generation to generation and are now in the hands of Benjamin Cronwinshield Bradlee, aka Benjamin C. Bradlee of the Washington Post. George Crowninshield family friends inlcluded Madison, Monroe and Jefferson.

Hon. Jacob CrowninshieldEdit

Hon. Jacob Crowninshield was born in on March 31, 1770 Salem, Essex, Massachusetts to George Crowninshield (1734 - 1815) and Mary Derby (1737 - 1813) and died on Arpril 15, 1808 in Washington, DC, he is buried at Harmony Grove Cemetery, Salem, Essex County, Massachusetts, USA. He married Sarah "Sally" Gardner (1773 - 1807). He was a member of the United States House of Representatives from Massachusett's 2nd district from March 4, 1803 to April 15, 1808. He was elected as a Democratic-Republican to the 8th, 9th, and 10th Congress. He is most famous for brining over the first elephant to America while he was a young sea merchant.
220px-Jacob Crowninshield

Benjamin Williams CrowninshieldEdit

220px-BWCrowninshield

Crowninshield as the United States Srecretary of Navy.

Benjamin was born in Salem, Essex, Massachusetts on Descember 27, 1772 to Capt. George Crowninshield (1734 - 1815) and Mary Derby (1737 - 1813) and died Feburary 3, 1772 in Boston, Suffolk, Massachusetts. He was first a merchant and became a Member of the United States House of Representantive of Massachusetts 2nd district from March 4, 1823 to March 3, 1831. He was then became the fifth United States Secretary of Navy on January 16, 1815 and left of September 30, 1818.

Richard CrowninshieldEdit

Richard Crowninshield was hired by Joseph J. Knapp, Jr., who was the grandnephew of Capt. Joseph White, a wealth Salem ship captain, to murder Capt. Joseph White. When Mr. Knapp, Jr. learned that his great uncle left $15,000 to Mrs. Beckford, the niece of Capt. Joseph White, Mr. Knapp was worried. Capt. White did have a will so Mr. Knapp, Jr. was more than worried that he would not inherit $200,000, which Mr. Knapp, Jr. though was rightfully his. So in order to make sure this would happen. After conspiring with his brother John Francis Knapp, Mr. Joseph J. Knapp, Jr. hired a local criminal to kill his great uncle, Capt. Joseph White.

The Knapp brothers met with Richard Crowninshield and made the plan to kill Capt. White on the night of April 6, 1830. Once all three of them arrived at the house that night, the Knapp brothers waited out side Capt. Whites fine house and Richard went inside with a club in one had and a knife in the other. While Captain White was sleeping, Richard went in through the window and first fractured his skull with the club, and then stabbed him three times. After a long trial and being imprison, Richard Crowninshield hanged himself in prison.

Benjamin "Sailor Ben" Crowninshield Edit

Benjamin "Sailor Ben" Crownishield was born on 15 Feb 1758 in Salem, Essex County, Massachusetts, North America to Capt. Jacob Crownishield (1732 - 1774) and Hannah Carlton (1734 - 1824) and died in 1836. He married on 9 Nov 1780 Mary Lambert (1760 - 1851).

Occupation Edit

  • Midshipman on a British man-of-war at the outbreak of the American Revolutionary War.
  • Joined the American militia and was wounded at the Battle of Bunker Hill.
  • Commander of the Crownishield ships America, Belisarius and the Prudent and in 1817 the Cleopatra's Barge.
  • Served as Collector of Customs for Marblehead and Salem from 1821 - 1830.
  • Was a member of the Essex Lodge of Free and Accepted Masons in Salem.
  • Joined the Salem Marine Society in 1794.
  • Joined East India Marien Society in 1799.

Francis Boardman CrowninshieldEdit

Francis Boardman Crowninshield was a ship captain and was born on April 23, 1809 in Boston, Suffolk, Massachusetts, USA to the Hon. Benjamin Williams Crowninshield (1772 - 1851) and Mary Boardman (1778 - 1840) and died on May 8, 1877 in Marblehead, Essex, Massachusetts, USA. He married first Sarah Gool Putnam (1810 - 1880).

Maj. Edward Augustus CrowninshieldEdit

Maj. Edward Augustus Crowninshield was born on 25 Feb 1817 in Salem, Essex County, Massachusetts, USA to Hon. Benjamin Williams Crowninshield (1772 - 1851) and Mary Boardman (1778 - 1840) and died on 20 Feb 1859 in Boston, Suffolk County, Massachusetts, USA, he is buried at Mount Auburn Cemetery, Cambridge, Middlesex County, Massachusetts, USA. He married on 15 Jan 1840 in Boston, Suffolk County, Massachusetts, USA to Caroline Maria Welch (1820 - 1897).

Brvt. Col. Benjamin William CrowninshieldEdit

Brvt. Col. Benjamin William Crowninshield was born on March 12, 1837 in Boston, Suffolk, Massachusetts to Capt. Francis Boardman Crowninshield (1809 - 1877) and Sarah Gooll Putnam (1810 - 1880) and died January 19, 1892 in Rome, Italy. He graduated from Harvard in 1858 and one of his class mates was Henry Brooks Adams who's father was Charles Francis Adams, Sr. When the Civil War came, he enlisted a a lieutenant with the First Massachusetts Cavalery on November 5, 1861. He was aide de camp to General Philip Sheridan and stayed in his army until Benjamin mustered out on November 6, 1864 The highest rank the he reached was a brevet colonel of the United States Volunteers.
F4d8ce78-a288-43eb-a795-7823b24bb34e-3

Casper CrowninshieldEdit

Brvt. Brig. Gen. Casper Crowninshield was born on 23 Oct 1837 in Boston, Suffolk County, Massachusetts, USA and died on 10 Jan 1897 in Boston, Suffolk County, Massachusetts, USA; he is burried at Christ Church, Sears Memorial Chapel. He started at Harvard College from 1856 and graduated in 1860. He faught in the Civli War and rose to the rank of Colonel. Crowninshield was Colonel but recived the award of brevet Brigigidier General and held high commands, which were:

  • Company D, 20th Regiment Massachustts Volunteer Infantry
  • 2nd Regiment Massachusetts Cavalry
  • Reserve Brigade, 1st Division (Merritt's), Cavalry Corps, Army of the Shenandoah
  • 1st Division, Cavalry Corps, Army of the Shendandoah

Crowninshield entered the war as a private in the 4th Battalion of the MassachusettsMilitia and rose the the ranks throught the war to becoming a Breveted Brigidier General. He was promoted to Captain on 18 Aug 1861, Major on 31 Jan 1863, Lieutenant Colonel on 18 Mar 1864, Colonel on 18 Nov 1864 and was nominated the rank of Brevet Brigidier General on 21 Feb 1866 by President Andrew Johnson. The award was confirmed by the United States Senate on 10 Apr 1866.

Arent Schuyler CrowninshieldEdit

Arent Schuyler Crowninshield was born on March 14, 1843 in Manhattan, New York, USA and died on May 27, 1908 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA. He served in the American Civil War and the Spanish-American War and rertired as a Rear Admiral. Crowninshield held very high commands; he was the commander of the Portsmouth, St. Mary's Kearsarge and was captain of the famous ship Maine. While he became a rear admiral he became the cheief of the Beureau of Navation. Crowninshield was burried and National Arlington Cemetery.
Rr. Adm. Arent Schuyler Crowninshield

Frederic CrowninshieldEdit

Dichroic-glass-artist-frederic-crowninshield-stained-glass-windows

Frederic Crowninshield

Frederic Crowninshield was born on 27 Nov 1845 in Boston, Suffolk County, Massachusetts, USA to Maj. Edward Augusts Crowninshield (1817 - 1859) and Caroline Maria Welch (1820 - 1897) and died on 11 Sep 1918 in Naples, Italy; he is buried at Mount Auburn Cemetery, Cambridge, Middlesex County, Massachusetts, USA. He married on 24 Oct 1897 in Boston, Suffolk County, Massachusetts, USA to the first president of the National Societ of Mural Painters (1895-1899), president of the Fine Arts Federation (1900-1909) and became the director of the American Academy in Rome in 1911. He was a stained glass artists and his most famous piece is called "Emmanuel's Land," which is depicts John Bunyans's The Pilgrims Progess.

Francis Welch CrowninshieldEdit

Francis "Frank" Welch Crowninshield was born on 24 Jun 1872 in Paris, France and to Frederic Crowninshield and Helen Suzette Fairbanks (1847 - 1921) and died on 28 Dec 1947 in Manhattan, New York, USA, he is buried at Mount Auburn Cemetery, Cambridge, Middlesex County, Massachusetts, USA. He was the creator and editor of Vanity Fair and Vogue Magazines.
220px-Francis Crowninshield

Frank Crowninshield.

ArtistsEdit

Ship CaptainsEdit

Ships Edit

  • America I
  • America II
  • America III
  • America IV
  • Belisarius
  • Brutus
  • Cleopatra's Bardge I - Yacht
  • Diomede - Privateer
  • Henry
  • Margaret
  • Minerva
  • Washington

MilitaryEdit

Civil WarEdit

Spanish-American WarEdit

Members of the Massachusetts Historical Society Edit

Maj. Edward Augustus Crowninshield (1817 - 1859)

Derby-Crowninshield treeEdit

First Lineage Edit

Richard Derby (1679 - 1715)

m. Martha Hasket (? - ?)

Capt. Richard Derby (1712 - 1783)

m. Mary Hodges (1713 - 1770)

Mary Derby (1737 - 1813)

m. Capt. George Crowninshield (1734 - 1815)

Hon. Benjamin Williams Crowninshield (1772 - 1851)

m. Mary Boardman (1778 - 1840)

Capt. Francis Boardman Crowninshield (1809 - 1877)

m. Sarah Gool Putnam (1810 - 1880)

Alice Crowninshield (1839 - 1926)

m. Josiah Bradlee III (1837 - 1902)

Frederick Josiah Bradlee I (1866 - 1951)

m. Elizabeth Whitwell Thomas (1868 - 1952)

Frederick Josiah Bradlee, Jr. (1892 - 1970)

m. Chevalier Josephine de Gersdorff (1896 - 1975)

Chevalier Benjamin Crowninshield Bradlee (1921 - 2014)

m. Sally Sterling Quinn (b. 1941)

Josiah Quinn Crownishield Bradlee (b. 1982)

Second Bradlee Lineage Edit

Richard Derby (1679 - 1715)

m. Martha Hasket (? - ?)

Capt. Richard Derby (1712 - 1738)

m. Mary Hodges 1713 - 1770)

Mary Crowninshield (1737 - 1813)

m. Capt. George Crowninshield (1734 - 1815)

Hon. Benjamin Williams Crowninshield (1772 - 1851)

m. Mary Boardman (1778 - 1840)

Maj. Edward Augustus Crownishield (1817 - 1859)

m. Caroline Maria Welch (1820 - 1897)

Frederic Crowninshield (1845 - 1918)

m. Helen Suzette Fairbanks (1841 - 1921)

Helen Suzette Crowninshield (1868 - 1941)

m. Carl August de Gersdorff (1865 - 1944)

Chevalier Josephine de Gersdorff (1896 - 1975)

m. Frederick Josiah Bradlee, Jr. (1892 - 1970)

Chevalier Benjamin Crowninshield Bradlee (1921 - 2014)

m. Sally Sterling Quinn (b. 1941)

Josiah Quinn Crownishield Bradlee (b. 1982)

Bradlee-Crowninshield treeEdit

First Lineage Edit

Johann Kasper Richter (? - ?)

m. Maria Hann (? - ?)

Dr. Johaness Kasper Richter von Kronenscheldt (1661 - 1711)

m. Elizabeth Allen (1672 - 1711)

Capt. John Crowninshield (1696 - 1761)

m. Anstiss Williams (1700 - 1773)

Capt. George Crowninshield (1734 - 1815)

m. Mary Derby (1737 - 1813)

Hon. Benjamin Williams Crowninshield (1772 - 1851)

m. Mary Boardman (1778 - 1840)

Cap. Francis Boardman Crowninshield (1809 - 1877)

m. Sarah Gool Putnam (1810 - 1880)

Alice Crowninshield (1839 - 1926)

m. Josiah Bradlee III (1837 - 1902)

Frederick Josiah Bradlee I (1866 - 1951)

m. Elizabeth Whitwell Thomas (1868 - 1952)

Frederick Josiah Bradlee, Jr. (1892 - 1975)

m. Chevalier Josephine de Gersdorff (1896 - 1975)

Chevalier Benjamin Crowninshield Bradlee (1921 - 2014)

m. Sally Sterling Quinn (b. 1941)

Josiah Quinn Crowninshield Bradlee (b.1982)

Second Lineage Edit

Johann Kasper Richter (? - ?)

m. Maria Hann (? - ?)

Dr. Johaness Kasper Richter von Kronenscheldt (1661 - 1711)

m. Elizabeth Allen (1672 - 1711)

Capt. John Crowninshield (1696 - 1761)

m. Anstiss Williams (1700 - 1773)

Capt. George Crowninshield (1734 - 1815)

m. Mary Derby (1737 - 1813)

Hon. Benjamin Williams Crowninshield (1772 - 1851)

m. Mary Boardman (1778 - 1840)

Maj. Edward Augustus Crowninshield (1817 - 1859)

m. Caroline Maria Welch (1820 - 1897)

Frederic Crowninshield (1845 - 1918)

m. Helen Suzette Fairbanks (2841 - 1921)

Helen Suzette Crowninshield (1868 - 1941)

m. Carl August de Gersdorff (1865 - 1944)

Chevalier Josephine de Gersdorff (1896 - 1975)

m. Frederick Josiah Bradlee, Jr. (1892 - 2014)

Chevalier Benjamin Crowninshield Bradlee (1921- 2014)

m. Sally Sterling Quinn (b. 1941)

Josiah Quinn Crowninshield Bradlee (b. 1982)

References Edit

BooksEdit

InternetEdit

Crowninshield Family

See also the descendants of Johann Casper Richter von Kronenscheldt (1661 - 1711)

Benjamin Crowninshield (1758 - 1836)

Benjamin Crowninshield (1782 - 1864)

Hon. Benjamin Williams Crowninshield (1771 - 1851)

Francis Boardman Crowninshield (1809 - 1877)

Edward Augustus Crowninshield (1817 - 1859)

George Casper Crowninshield (1812 - 1857)

Capt. George Crowninshield (1734 - 1815)

Capt. George Crowninshield, Jr. (1766 - 1817)

Hannah Crowninshield (Armstrong) (1789 - 1834)

Jacob Crownishield (1789 - 1834)

Capt. John Crowninshield

Mary R. Crowninshield

Richard Crowninshield

William Wallach Crownishield

Houses

The Bentley-Crowninshield House

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